The Constitution sets the primary requirements for public procurement as being to promote, “fair, equitable, transparent, competitive and cost– effective dealings in the provision of public goods and services. The secondary objectives that public procurement policy must drive include “the protection or advancement of persons, or
categories of persons, disadvantaged by unfair discrimination. This the importance of effective procurement policy implementation.
South Africa, like most progressive economies, has a public procurement policy framework whose core objective is to guide and direct government entities and their stakeholders on the supply chain management of goods and services purchased by the state. While this policy framework is formulated within political realms, that include parliamentary processes, its implementation relies on various procurement practitioners within governmental units. The state employees who deal with the public (referred to as street level bureaucrats) are burdened with the general
challenges associated with implementing public policies as well as procurement-related challenges.
A poorly implemented public procurement policy disadvantages citizens and beneficiaries of goods and services. The disadvantages will also affect the secondary benefits that citizens will forfeit because of poor public procurement
policies. An effective procurement policy implementation can have many benefits such as low purchasing costs, inventory management optimisation, efficient supply of goods and services, transparency and accountability as well as supporting and promoting equity in supply chain management